Finding the best irrigation equipment for your farm
Irrigation control can be the lifeblood of your farming operation. Without having the proper irrigation systems in place, you can find yourself suffering from flood or drought, or sometimes both in different areas of your farm! Irrigation is simply the direction of flowing water, either away from wet areas or towards dry areas. Irrigation supplies can include drainage systems, irrigation sprinklers and even irrigation lighting.
When you're first designing the layout of your farm, you should consult an irrigation expert. Certain crops are especially sensitive to the amount of water you receive, and you can easily set yourself up for failure by planting in an area that isn't right for the crops you're attempting to grow.
Any system that is designed to control the flow of water is considered to be irrigation equipment. There are generally two types of irrigation systems: underground and drip irrigation systems. Underground systems are a complex network of ditches and piping that work to pull natural moisture out of the ground and direct it towards areas that need it most. The underground system also helps to control flooding by removing water from areas that don't need it or have too much. Drip systems are above-ground sprinkler systems that also work with ditches in order to water your crops and control moisture levels.
Besides irrigation systems, there are a number of irrigation products you can purchase and install to help make the most of the water you have. Common irrigation products include sprinklers, drains, valves, controllers and sensors. All of these products work to maximize the moisture you already have in your fields and minimize flooding and drought.
Your irrigation products should be customized to the area you're working in, the size of your farm and the crops you're caring for. Local weather patterns can help you determine what types of irrigation products you need, as can a land analysis, which will tell you how damp or dry your own land is. Other things to think about include wind patterns, vehicle traffic and local wildlife, all which can affect the amount of moisture in your fields.